Saturday, May 23, 2020
Some young women have even taken more drastic measures by turning to plastic surgery to alter their appearance. However, unlike makeup, plastic surgery is definitely something that can be taken too far since it is permanent. Women should not have to feel the need to undergo plastic surgery at all: unless it is for reconstructive purposes. Sadly, last year alone, facial plastic surgeons recorded 64% of their patients under the age of 30 had undergone cosmetic surgery or injectable treatments (Matthews, 2016, para. 8). Some surgeons, including Matthews, have credited this increase in cosmetic procedures to the Ã¢â¬Å"Kardashian EffectÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Selfie ManiaÃ¢â¬ . Thus, demonstrating how powerful social mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence is on a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to undergoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Images on social media seem to be flawless and perfect, however, most of the images out there are distorted, Figure 3 shows how Photoshop can be used to turn a regular sized womanÃ¢ â¬â¢s body into the body of a coveted supermodel. These unrealistic expectations are what push consumers to turn towards excessive or extreme cosmetic surgery. The fact is, there is no guarantee when it comes to plastic surgery. There are risks such as infection, nerve damage, swelling, and even scarring. Furthermore, some cosmetic surgeons even tell some of their patients upfront about not bringing in pictures of famous celebrities that they want to emulate, because the results might not be what they pictured (Matthews, 2015, para. 11). These toxic ideas are slowly being diffused into our culture through all sorts of mediums. One study analyzed the amount of advertisements about weight and dieting in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s magazines, and shockingly it contained ten times more advertisements than the magazines read by men. At the end of the century, the study found that about 85% of those who suffered from eating disorders were women (Chapman, 2011, p.7). It has been proven time and time again that human beings are affected by what they see. The media feeds on low-self esteem and addictive behavior to keep their industry afloat. For instance, the media has labeled Caucasian women as the ideal standard of
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Death of young and only son of David Wright - a 65 year old fun-loving and creative visual artist - had given considerable shock and depression to Mr. Wright. Since, then he started experiencing state of depression and sadness all the time, and he behaved in a pessimistic way wanting to stop all his life activities. For one year after death of his son, he did not create any painting and started experiencing some domestic and economical issues (Bourgeois and Hickey 2009). Additionally, he started taking anti-depression pills. He decided to start his own bakery shop, but his wife Allen who helped him a lot in recovering from the grievance of his son's death encouraged him to continue with his artistic job of painting and sketching. Consequently, he quit the idea of starting bakery and went back to his painting and sketching job. In Mr. Wright s case, it has been noticed that he stopped taking food properly and increased his alcohol dose after his son's death, although his wife convinced him a lot to quit drinking and start eating properly, but he did not listen to her about this and kept of loosing weight and stamina day by day (Bourgeois and Hickey 2009). Consequently, he started showing symptoms of medical disorders as his body was suffering from a chemical imbalance due to the increased amount of toxin (drug) and malnutrition. We will write a custom essay sample on Is It Real to Live Well with Dementia or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Day by day he was getting weak, and his better half was also suffering badly due to his declining health condition. Unfortunately, after three years his wife Allen also passed away due to a heart attack leaving him with his only eldest daughter, who was practicing law outside London.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Literary Devices Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ by Edgar Allen Poe is a great example of usage of literary devices. Literary devices help the author portray his point. Readers use these devices to analyze and interpret the story. We will write a custom essay sample on The Cask of Amontillado or any similar topic only for you Order Now The use of a literary device provides a punch to the story and gets the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s full attention. Literary devices help express a particular idea in a meaningful way. Poe uses irony, symbolism, and foreshadowing to enhance the mind of readers. Irony is usually defined as the difference between what is said and what is really meant. Poe uses extensive irony throughout the story. James Gargano suggests that PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s tale presents an ironic vision of the two men. They are surrogates of mankind who enter upon a venture that really exposes their psychological isolation. An example of irony early in the story can be seen when Montresor says, Ã¢â¬Å"My dear Fortunato, you are luckily metÃ¢â¬ (Poe 2). The irony here is Montresor planned to meet him at the carnival and Fortunato does not know he is not really luckily met. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s plans are to murder him. Another use of irony is FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s clothes. Fortunato is known to be a man who is Ã¢â¬Å"rich, respected, and admiredÃ¢â¬ (Poe 3). His clothes are representative of a clown or jester, not the up-standing man he portrays himself to be. James Gargano also states that Montresor, the stalker of Fortunato, is both a compulsive and pursued man; for in committing a flawless crime against another human being, he really commits the worst of crimes against himself. Another way Poe uses literary devices is his use of symbolism. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s family motto is, Ã¢â¬Å"Nemo me impune lacessit,Ã¢â¬ means, Ã¢â¬Å"No one insults me with impunityÃ¢â¬ (Poe 4). The motto suggests that they tolerate no insult and will punish anyone who does so. The punishment is symbolic of MontrsorÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate intention. Also, the use of the Amontillado is a sign of symbolism. The Amontillado is basically the bait. Montresor knows Fortunato takes pride in his knowledge of wine. Montresor says Ã¢â¬Å"I was silly enough to pay the full Amontillado price without consulting you in the matterÃ¢â¬ (Poe 2). Montresor knows FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s weakness and uses his knowledge of wine to his advantage. Another use of symbolism is the carnival. The lights sound, and people that surround the carnival make the atmosphere a mad house. The carnival atomsphere is symbolic of the mind frame of Montresor. He is a mad man out solely for revenge. The name Montresor is another use of symbolism. In French Montresor means Ã¢â¬Å"My Treasure. Ã¢â¬ The crime Montresor plans to commit is his treasure. It almost seems he takes much pride in his plans. The name Fortunato means Ã¢â¬Å"Fortunate. Ã¢â¬ As we all know, Fortunato is far from fortunate. He fell into the hands of the man who controls his life, and his life is eventually taken from him. Poe also uses foreshadowing in the story. Foreshadowing is when an element in a story is used to suggest that an event will occur. Foreshadowing can be seen in the title, Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of Amontillado. Ã¢â¬Å"CaskÃ¢â¬ is known to stand for casket, which refers to where a person lies after he/she pass. In the end of the story, Fortunato is buried alive. Another foreshadowing event occurs in the opening statement Ã¢â¬Å"The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as best I could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revengeÃ¢â¬ (Poe 1) . Montressor let the readers know the entire plot of the story basically. This statement foreshadows the death of Fortunato. Also, a foreshadowing event occurs when Fortunato starts coughing and states, Ã¢â¬Å"The cough is a mere nothing; it will not kill me. I shall not die of a cough. Ã¢â¬Å"True-true,Ã¢â¬ replied Montresor (Poe 3). Montresor reveals early on that Fortunato has a weak point for wine. Montresor using his knowledge of FortuantoÃ¢â¬â¢s love for wine is a example of foreshadowing. Literary devices in Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ help readers get a better understanding of important facts. The plot, characters, themes, and conclusion are just some of the main points literary devices reveal. Knowing how to read the story, while understanding the literary devices is important. Poe did a remarkable job at providing readers with different ways to understand and interpret irony, symbolism, and foreshadowing. Works Cited Gargano, James W. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢ The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬â¢: A Masquerade of Motive and IdentityÃ¢â¬ Studies in Short Fiction, Vol, IV, No-2, Winter, 1967 119-26. Rpt. In Short Story Criticism. Ed. Anna Sheets Nesbitt. Vol 35. Gale Group, Detroit: 2000, 311-314. Print. Gargano, James. Ã¢â¬Å"Delusion in the Story. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of Amontillado. Ã¢â¬ Philadelphia; Chelsea House Publishing, 1998. Blooms Literary Reference Online. Facts on File Inc. Web. 5 March 2013. http://www. fofweb. com Poe, Edgar Allen. Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of Amontillado. Ã¢â¬ 40 Short Stories: A Portable Anthology. Ed. Beverly Lawn. 4Th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2013 14-20. Print How to cite The Cask of Amontillado, Essay examples The Cask of Amontillado Free Essays Irony Analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ In Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ by Edgar Allan Poe, the main character named Montresor is set out for revenge. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s only concern is to get revenge on the man who has wronged him named Fortuanto. Montresor never states why Fortunato deserves to be punished. We will write a custom essay sample on The Cask of Amontillado or any similar topic only for you Order Now The only statement Montresor makes is that Fortunato Ã¢â¬Å"causes him a thousand injuriesÃ¢â¬ until Ã¢â¬Å"venturing upon insult. Ã¢â¬ (Poe, Online) Montresor plans to take out his revenge by burying Fortunato alive. Montresor carries out each detail while he smiles at his victim. Montresor doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t smile at the thought of FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"immolationÃ¢â¬ but because of viciousness. (Sweet Jr. Online) Montresor smiles because he believes the sacrifice of Fortunato will bring him a great reward. Fortunato is ironically the Ã¢â¬Å"mirror selfÃ¢â¬ of Montresor (Sweet Jr. Online). MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to bury Fortunato alive Ã¢â¬Å"paints the psychological portrait of repressionÃ¢â¬ (Sweet Jr. Online). The burial of Fortunato represses MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s evil nature and puts him at peace. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of Amontillado,Ã¢â¬ Edgar Allan Poe uses irony to develop his theme of seeking salvation through repression. Poe uses FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s name ironically to symbolize one personality between Montresor and Fortunato. Though Fortunato means Ã¢â¬Å"the fortunate oneÃ¢â¬ in Italian, Fortuanto meets an unfortunate fate as the victim MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s overall revenge plot. (Stott, Online) Therefore, the Fortunato side of Montresor symbolizes fortune. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s desire is to repress Fortunato. Since Ã¢â¬Å"the love of money is the root of all evils,Ã¢â¬ a fortune would Ã¢â¬Å"plunge a man into ruin and destructionÃ¢â¬ (1Timothy 6:9-10). The Fortunato side of MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s personality wants to have wealth. The wealth Fortunato receives makes him both respected and feared. (Poe, Online) By having wealth, Fortunato causes Montresor Ã¢â¬Å"a thousand injuriesÃ¢â¬ (Poe, Online). When FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth gains the fear of others, he Ã¢â¬Å"ventures upon insulting GodÃ¢â¬ (Poe, Online). When a Ã¢â¬Å"man seeks greed for gain, he curses and renounces the LordÃ¢â¬ (Psalms 10:3). Montresor needs to repress Fortunato to protect his soul from damnation. (Stott, Online) The only way Montresor can protect himself is to get rid of Fortunato. Montresor can repress the aspect of his personality which insults God by burying Fortunato alive. Fortunato, ironically despite his name, faces a very unfortunate fate at the hands of Montresor. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s name translation similar to FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s in two ways. In French MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s name Ã¢â¬Å"combines the words montrer and sort meaning to show fateÃ¢â¬ (Clendenning, Online). Montresor shows Fortunato his fate but Fortunato Ã¢â¬Å"receives no utterance to a threatÃ¢â¬ about his fate. (Poe, Online) When Montresor shows Fortunato his fate of being buried alive it demonstrates that FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s live burial is an act of repression. The second French translation for Montersor is Ã¢â¬Å"my treasureÃ¢â¬ . Through punishing Fortunato Montresor believes he can have the treasure of purity and salvation. FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dress is ironic for a man with his stature in society. Fortunato is a man with stature who is Ã¢â¬Å"rich, respected, and admiredÃ¢â¬ (Poe, Online). Fortunato wears a Ã¢â¬Å"tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his head is surmounted by the conical cap and bellsÃ¢â¬ for the carnival. Ã¢â¬ (Poe, Online). Instead of the cap representing ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s crown of thorns, the cap represents SatanÃ¢â¬â¢s role as Ã¢â¬Å"Prince of FoolsÃ¢â¬ (Pittman, Online). Through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, Christians were able to receive salvation. Through FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s sacrifice, Montresor will seek salvation. Montresor dresses more like a priest for the carnival season. Ã¢â¬Å"MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s black roquelaire symbolizes a priestÃ¢â¬â¢s black cope worn during a funeral mass. Ã¢â¬ (Cooney, Online) Montresor dresses for the occasion that he is going to bury Fortunato. MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s attire suggests that the repression of Fortunato will have an important spiritual reward. Through the repression of Fortunato, Montresor will reach salvation. The carnival setting ironically suggests a time for sin. Ã¢â¬Å"The carnival season consists of the last indulgences in the pleasures of the fleshÃ¢â¬ (Pittman, Online). FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s sin of abundantly drinking makes MontresorÃ¢â¬Ës plan easy to carry out. Ã¢â¬Å"The word carnival can be translated in Italian meaning to put away the flesh which demonstrates symbolic irony of MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s intent for FortunatoÃ¢â¬ (Clendenning, Online). Montresor can make himself free of sin and worthy of salvation by repressing the sinfulness of Fortunato. The catacombs are an ironic symbol of the way Montresor thinks. The repression begins when Montresor takes Fortunato into his family catacombs with the promise of Amontillado wine. The catacombs are Ã¢â¬Å"lined with human remainsÃ¢â¬ and that suggests generational family troubles (Poe, Online). Fortunato keeps going farther and farther into the catacombs with only his sinful thoughts of being able to drink more wine, not knowing he is moving closer and closer to his fate of being buried alive. The wall symbolizes the finish of the repression of Fortunato. Ã¢â¬Å"Ironically, the wall forms FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s burial crypt. (Sweet Jr. , Online) Salvation can only happen when sins are repented. Once Fortunato yells Ã¢â¬Å"For the love of God, Montresor! ,Ã¢â¬ Montresor says Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, . . . for the love of God! Ã¢â¬ (Poe, Online). Montresor believes that FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s repression shows his love for God and demonstrates Montresor reaching salvation. The cask symbolizes a confession. Montresor tells the story fifty years later in a confe ssion tone. Ã¢â¬Å"When Montresor says, Ã¢â¬Å"You, who so well know the nature of my soul,Ã¢â¬ he implies a priest receives his confessionÃ¢â¬ (Sweet Jr. , Online). Montresor believes that FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s burial was done in good. Montresor has no remorse as he confesses but, he still confesses. Ã¢â¬Å"MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s conscience knows FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s burial is an evil deed. Ã¢â¬ (Sweet Jr. , Online) Montresor ends by saying Ã¢â¬Å"In pace requiescatÃ¢â¬ (Poe, Online). Ã¢â¬Å"MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s prayer suggests that he desires relief from guilt, not forgiveness for a crimeÃ¢â¬ (Sweet Jr. 11). The feeling of salvation Montresor seeks through his confession doesnÃ¢â¬Ët happen. Ã¢â¬Å"For a confession to receive absolution, the confessor must demonstrate the conviction of remorse. (Sweet Jr. , Online) Montresor is unable to achieve the salvation he seeks through the repression of Fortunato. The Amontillado symbolizes ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s blood in communion. ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s blood offers the salvation that Montresor seeks. The Amontillado may lead Fortunato to his burial but it symbolizes the salvation Montresor wants to gain through repr ession. Fortunato wants to drink the wine out of pride and lust while Montresor sees the wine as something that brings him the bond of communion and the reward of salvation. Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s uses ironic symbols throughout Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of Amontillado. Ã¢â¬ The ironic symbols helped him develop the theme of seeking salvation through repression. FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s character was able to represent manÃ¢â¬â¢s flesh and how people easily give in to the sins of the flesh while Montresor represents how man seeks salvation through acts of repression. Fortunato represents the side of Montresor that should confess but Montresor chooses to bury Fortunato which leads to the failure of his own salvation. How to cite The Cask of Amontillado, Essay examples The Cask of Amontillado Free Essays The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ Unexpected Endings In Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask Of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ there are several themes shown throughout the short story. There are only two main characters in the story, and each shows their way of betrayal. The entire story is based on betrayal, and lies. We will write a custom essay sample on The Cask of Amontillado or any similar topic only for you Order Now Fortunado is betrayed by Monresor, who in the end, kills this intoxicated man. Montresor was supposedly betrayed by Fortunado, a story of which we are never told. Finally, we as the reader are betrayed by the narrator, because we are given so few details and logic to back up the story. Fortunado, Montresor, and the reader are betrayed throughout the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask Of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ . Throughout the story, Montresor betrays Fortunado. He asks Fortunado to come into his catacombs aware that he would be killing him. He taunts Fortunado by asking him if he want to go back, because he is sick. Montresor does so when saying Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËCome,Ã¢â¬â¢ I said, with decision, Ã¢â¬Ëwe will go back; your health is preciousÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Poe 535) However, when Fortunado insists he comes to taste the amontillado, he is once again betrayed by Montresor when he drinks more of his wine. He becomes overly intoxicated and once again, is able to be taken advantage of. The entire walk through the catacombs Montresor betrays Fortunado by lying to him and taunting him about being sick. At the end of the story Montresor traps Fortunado by building him into a small shackled space. Ã¢â¬Å"A succession of loud and shrill screams, bursting suddenly from the throat of the chained form, seemed to thrust me back violentlyÃ¢â¬ (Poe 536). According to Chad Dyer Ã¢â¬Å"The story is written in the form of confession, its reader learning of MontresourÃ¢â¬â¢s vengeful deed fifty years after its execution. Ã¢â¬ (Dyer). When Montresor kills Fortunando he commits not only a huge crime but a betrayal that is unbelievable to most people. Furtunado is a simpler, less obvious betrayer. He is mentioned in the very beginning cause a Ã¢â¬Å"thousand injuriesÃ¢â¬ (Poe 533) causing Montresor to Ã¢â¬Å"vow upon revengeÃ¢â¬ (Poe 533). Despite all the wrongdoing of Montresor, Fotunado was the beginning, and cause of it all. Ã¢â¬Å"It must be understood, that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunado cause to doubt my good willÃ¢â¬ (Poe 533). As the editorial team on Shmoop claims, Ã¢â¬Å"Fortunado betrays himself by not paying enough attention to his surroundingsÃ¢â¬ . Shmoop Editorial Team). Fortunado was so severely intoxicated he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop to notice the dead bodies surrounding him in the catacombs, not the fact that he was with a man he has never been friendly with. He allowed himself to continually drink from the wine his enemy was providing without even the thought that it could be deadly. In the beginning of the story, Montresor tells us Ã¢â¬Å"The thousand injuries of Furtunado I had borne as best I couldÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ (Poe 533) We however are never given any type of proof of what Fortunado had done to hurt Montrsor as much as he claims. We are never given an explanation, or even a slight clue of the wrongdoing Fortunado had caused. This leaves one to suggest that maybe the narrator was telling us a complete lie. The story was written to keep us guessing. Throughout the entire walk through the catacombs, we had no clue what they were truly walking through. We were given vague descriptions of the bodies lining the walls. When he describes building the brick wall to trap Furtunado, he describes it in a very undetailed description. Montresor shows betrayal, as well as Fortunado, and the narrator. This proves it to be a common theme throughout the story. It is shown through Montresor when he betrays Fortunado multiple times. When he kills Fortunado, he lies to him throughout the story, and plans to kill him before he even agrees to drink wine with him. FortunadoÃ¢â¬â¢s betrayal, although never explained, is the beginning of all the betrayal throughout the story. He has hurt Montresor in a way so badly Montresor feels his only escape it to kill Fortunado. As the reader were betrayed throughout the entire story. We are told multiple things throughout the story, but nothing is ever proven. We have to assume the narrator is telling us the truth. The theme betrayal is shown dramatically through PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. Works Cited Dyer, Chad M. Edgar Allen Poes The Cask Of Amontillado. Diss. Ball State, 1992. N. p. : n. p. , n. d. Web. lt;https://cardinalscholar. bsu. edu/bitstream/handle/190175/1/D94_1991DyerChadM. pdfgt;. Poe, Edgar A. The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. Boston: Bedford/St. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2003. Print. Riggs, Kait. How to cite The Cask of Amontillado, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Background, composition, leadership, powers, problems, criticism, politics of tribunal established by U.N. in 1993 to prosecute war crimes. On May 25, 1993, U.N. Security Council Resolution 827 established an international tribunal charged with prosecuting violations of international law arising from the armed conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. Not since the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, following World War II has an international court tried individuals accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide. The International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTFY), which was established at The Hague, Netherlands, is widely seen as an important step toward the deterrence of crimes, the establishment of the firm rule of international law, and the promotion of world peace. Yet, from its inception, the tribunal has generated controversy among supporters and detractors. Among those who believe that the tribunal idea is sound, the principal concerns are that such an institution be established on a sound..
Thursday, March 26, 2020
A dream is a succession of images , ideas , emotions , and sensations that usually occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep .  The content and purpose of dreams are not fully understood, though they have been a topic of scientific speculation, as well as a subject of philosophical and religious interest, throughout recorded history . Dream interpretation is the attempt at drawing meaning from dreams and searching for an underlying message. The scientific study of dreams is called HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oneirology" \o "Oneirology" oneirology .  Dreams mainly occur in the HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REM_sleep" \o "REM sleep" rapid-eye movement (REM) stage of sleep when brain activity is high and resembles that of being awake. REM sleep is revealed by continuous movements of the eyes during sleep. At times, dreams may occur during other stages of sleep . However, these dreams tend to be much less vivid or memorable.  The length of a dream can vary; they may last for a few seconds, or approximately 20-30 minutes.  People are more likely to remember the dream if they are awakened during the REM phase. The average person has three to five dreams per night, and some may have up to seven ; HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dream" \l "cite_note-4"  however, most dreams are immediately or quickly forgotten.  Dreams tend to last longer as the night progresses. During a full eight-hour night sleep, most dreams occur in the typica l two hours of REM.  Opinions about the meaning of dreams have varied and shifted through time and culture. Most people today appear to endorse the Freudian theory of dreams [ citation needed ] - that dreams reveal insight into hidden desires and emotions. Other prominent theories include those suggesting that dreams assist in memory formation, problem solving, or simply are a product of random brain activation.  The earliest recorded dreams were acquired from materials dating back approximately 5000 years, in Mesopotamia , where they were documented on clay tablets . In the Greek and Roman periods, the people believed that dreams were direct messages from one and/or multiple deities , from deceased persons, and that they predicted the future . Some cultures practiced dream incubation with the intention of cultivating dreams that are of prophecy .  Sigmund Freud , who developed the psychological discipline of psychoanalysis , wrote extensively about dream theories and their interpretations in the early 1900s.  He explained dreams as manifestations of one's deepest desires and anxieties, often relating to repressed childhood memories or obsessions. Furthermore, he believed that virtually every dream topic, regardless of its content, represented the release of sexual tension.  In The Interpretation of Dreams (1899), Freud developed a psychological technique to interpret dreams and devised a series of guidelines to understand the symbols and motifs that appear in our dreams. In modern times, dreams have been seen as a connection to the unconscious mind . They range from normal and ordinary to overly surreal and bizarre. Dreams can have varying natures, such as being frightening , exciting, magical , melancholic , adventurous, or sexual . The events in dreams are generally outside the control of the dreamer, with the exception of lucid dreaming , where the dreamer is self-aware .  Dreams can at times make a creative thought occur to the person or give a sense of inspiration . 
Friday, March 6, 2020
Cover Letter Sample Applying for Editorial Assistant Job SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Not everyone applying for a job has years of professional experience behind them. This next sample cover letter's geared toward an entry-level position in the publishing industry. The applicant has had a relevant internship, plus a summer jobat her local bookstore. In lieu of more extensiveexperience, she makes sure her enthusiasm for the position and company shines through. Read on to see how the writer shows her passion for publishing, and then check out theanalysis below of what this cover letter does well. Cover Letter Sample: Editorial Assistant MaryEntel E. 15th St.New York, NY 230 May 1, 2016 Rita BookmanEditor-in-ChiefCooper Books Publishing House74 Reading StreetNew York, New York 10020 Dear Ms. Bookman, I was pleased to find your posting for an Editorial Assistant with Coffeehouse Books on MediaBistro.com. As an English literature major with a passion for the written word, I am committed to working in the publishing industry following graduation. IÃ¢â¬â¢m especially excited about your publishing company because you represent two of my favorite authors, Tim Smith and Anne Lee. I'm confident that I have the skills and experiences to add substantial contributions to Coffeehouse Books. Last fall, I gained practical experience in the publishing industry as an intern at Dharma Publishing House. I collaborated with members of the editorial staff on projects that included reading and reporting on manuscript submissions, editing promotional materials, and completing fact checks. In particular, I edited three social science works to publication-ready state using Chicago Manual of Style guidelines. My knowledge of grammar and style would allow me to step right into editorial work as an Editorial Assistant with your company. Beyond my editorial experience, I would also bring a rich knowledge of literature. I studied English at NYU, maintaining a 3.8 GPA, and worked at my local bookstore during the summers. At the bookstore, I helped customers discover contemporary works - The Orphan MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Son and Swamplandia are two favorites - and organized events for speakers and book signings. Between my studies and work, I immersed myself in the world of fiction and nonfiction. My passion for reading underlies my commitment to this work, and I have the organizational and communication skills, along with the attention to detail, to excel in every aspect of the Editorial Assistant role. My life has been shaped by the written word, and I would be thrilled to contribute to Coffeehouse Books in the role of Editorial Assistant. I would welcome the opportunity to interview and can be reachedanytime at (555) 555-5555 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you very much for your consideration. Sincerely, Mary Entel MaryEntel While Mary hasn't worked in publishing before, she's spent a lot of time around books working in her local bookstore. Editorial Assistant Cover Letter: The Breakdown In hercover letter for the position of Editorial Assistant, Maryexpresses herenthusiasm for the position. She shows that she has the skills - editorial, organization, communication - to do well in the role, and infuses herentire letter with a sense of excitement about working in the publishing industry. In herintroduction, Maryshows that she has some familiary with Coffeehouse Books, stating that the companyrepresents two of herfavorite authors. She describes herexperiences as an editorial intern, as well as herknowledge of literature as an English major and summer employee of herlocal bookstore. Maryends by restating her excitement about the position withCoffeehouse Books. After reading herletter, hopefully Editor-in-Chief Rita Bookman will be happy to engage with Mary in conversation about the Editorial Assistant position. In addition to the content of Mary's letter, let's take a closer look at its overall presentation. A Note on Format As you can see in the letter above, Maryformats her cover letter in a traditional way. She includes her name and address at the top, followed by the date and name and information of the hiring manager. This is a great approach if you're sending your cover letter by hard copy or as a Word attachment. For a lot of jobs, though, it's fine or even preferred to send your cover letter right in the body of an email. Still other jobs use their own application portal and want you to paste your information into a text box. In the latter two cases (body of the email and text box), it's usually fine to leave out all these headers. You can just start right in by addressing the hiring manager. Make sure you understand how to send your application materials and format your cover letter accordingly! What's Next? On to the next cover letter! Check out this cover letter sample for the position of Assistant Restaurant Manager. Care to read more samples? Head over to our full cover letter guide with six sample letters and tips for how to write a great one. Are you writing your own cover letter for a job application? Check out our great cover template to help you through the writing process, step by step.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Crusiate Ligaments Sprain - Essay Example However, in complex sprains a large segment of the fibres are torn and the ends of the ligament may have separated from each other. This would result in immense pain as well as instability of the joint and it may require surgical treatment. Rouzier indicates that sprains may be graded according to their severity: According to the Chester Knee Clinic, the knee is a well exposed structure that consists of two joints and made up of three bones namely, the femur, tibia and the patella. They further go on to describe its anatomy in greater detail: The tibio-femoral joint has medial and lateral compartments. The medial and lateral femoral condyles articulate with the medial and lateral tibial plateaus. The patella covers the front of the knee. The patello-femoral joint is the articulation of the patella with the femoral trochlea. All joint surfaces are covered with hyaline articular cartilage. This anatomy of the knee joint offers no real support to the joint's stability. Thus, ligaments are essential in regulating the movement of the knee joint and maintaining its stability. Various stabilizing configurations are brought into play as the knee moves through its full range of motion, giving dynamic stability to the joint (Smith and Moran 1). Avery describes the knee joint as consisting of four essential ligaments that aid in its stabilization. The sides of the joint consist of the medial and lateral collateral ligaments which aid in the side-to-side stability of the joint. In the front of the joint is the anterior crusiate ligament (ACL) which serves to prevent the tibia from sliding forward and rotating during various agile activities such as jumping. Opposite to the ACL is the posterior crusiate ligament (PCL) which prevents the tibia from sliding back. The crusiate ligaments regulate movement as the centre of rotation changes during movement. The presence of the menisci is another important feature for not only do they act as shock absorbers, but they also aid in weight distribution (ehealthMD 1). Incidentally, the crossing of the ACL and PCL in the centre of the knee is what gives rise to the term "crusiate". Representations of these structures courtesy of the Journal of the American Medical Association are as seen in Figures 1 and 2 below. Figure 1: Anatomy of the Right Knee Figure 2: Anatomy of the right knee with ligaments cut. Knee Biomechanics As Elliot explains, clinical biomechanics refers to the research conducted on the actions of walking, tissue mechanics, neuromuscular control and the evaluation of movement when an individual is undergoing rehabilitation when recovering from disease or injury (1). The Chester Knee Clinic provides a comprehensive understanding of the biomechanics of the knee. The bones of the knee joint, unlike the hip joint, are not a close fit to one another. This variation allows for a wider range of motion to occur in order for an individual to carry out daily activities. However, this range of motion is still limited in its inherited stability due to the bony structure of the joint. According to the KneeDoc, "the lack